There are a variety of long-term care services available to provide just the right amount of assistance your aging loved one may need. When your loved one is beginning to exhibit some difficulties with activities of daily living or performing routine tasks, it could be the time to consider researching long-term care facilities in your area so you can make the best possible decision. Making long-term care decisions can be hard even when planned well in advance.
Long term care services can be provided at home, in the community, or various types of facilities having a comfortable home-like setting. Most often, seniors who live in long-term care facilities enjoy a better quality of life and feel more independent than an elderly person aging in own home.
Following are brief descriptions of the major types of long-term care:
Home care be given in your own home by family members, friends, volunteers, and/or paid professionals. Besides 24-hour supervision, it includes following services:
- Personal care services in activities of daily living like bathing, oral care, hair care, eating, toileting, dressing, medication, etc.
- Home-delivered meals wherein nutritionally well-balanced meals are delivered to individuals in their homes. Special diets are also provided as per need.
- Homemaker services for general household activities like sweeping, mopping, dusting, making the bed, washing dishes, personal laundry, ironing, mending and meal preparation and/or training about preparation of meals.
These are support services to help people who are otherwise cared for at home by their families and include following:
- Adult Day Care: These programs provide social activities, meals, assistance with personal needs, health education and supervision in a safe environment on a temporary basis.
- Transportation Services: These services are for those people who cannot drive own vehicle or face problem in using public transport.
- Supportive Housing Programs: The Federal Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and state or local governments often offer low-cost housing to older people with low to moderate incomes. In such programs, arrangements are also made for facilities like meals and daily housekeeping tasks, shopping, and laundry. Residents generally live in their own apartments.
- Community Hospice Events: It includes counseling, support groups, yoga & art classes, and grief support.
- Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs): provide a full range of services and care based on what each resident needs, including skilled nursing; during independent living or assisted living.
Hospice care is special service for people who are facing a terminal illness. Some of the services that hospice can provide include 24-hour-on-call nursing support to address urgent needs and health issues, emergency medications and extra home health aide service for bathing, skin care and hair care.