Compounding Services · Healthcare · LONG TERM CARE

What is Long Term Care & Who Needs Care?

About Long Term Care : When a person requires someone else to help him with his physical or personal care needs during a period of time, this is long-term care. Long-term care includes variety of services which may meet both medical and non-medical needs of people.

Long-term care services are generally sought to provide custodial and non-skilled care. However, it may also involve providing some level of medical care requiring expertise of skilled professionals. Long-term care can be provided at home, in the community, or in the assisted living facilities.

Long Term Care Service
Activities of Daily Living (ADL)

There are several activities performed by individuals on a daily basis for which long term care may become necessary due to personal independence or medical reasons. Commonly agreed categories for these services are:
1. Personal Hygiene – Help in bathing, using the bathroom, grooming and oral care
2. Dressing – Help in clothing decisions and to physically dress
3. Feeding
4. Maintaining continence – To use a restroom
5. Transferring – To help in seating / standing and movement in and out of bed

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs)
There are activities important and necessary for independent livingly but are not necessarily required on a daily basis.  The IADLs include:
1. Basic Communication – Help in  using a regular phone, mobile phone, email or the Internet
2. Transportation – Help in moving on public or private vehicle
3. Meal Preparation – Help in meal planning, preparation, and storage
4. Shopping – Help in food, clothing, and other purchases
5. Housework – Help in doing laundry, cleaning dishes and maintaining housekeeping
6. Managing Medications – Help in taking accurate dosages at prescribed times, managing re-fills and avoiding conflicts
7. Managing Personal Finances – Help in budgeting, writing checks, paying bills and avoiding spills

Other Long Term Care Services

Following daily activities also come in the ambit of long term care:

1. Preventing unsafe behavior and wandering
2. Providing comfort and assurance
3. Providing physical or occupational therapy
4. Writing letters or notes
5. Security

Who Needs Long Term Care:

About 70 percent of people over age 65 need some type of long-term care during their lifetime. More than 40 percent need care in a nursing home for some period of time. It is estimated that 6 out of 10 people will need long term care sometime during their lifetime.

According To Age — The risk generally increases as people get older. The older you are, the more likely you will need long-term care.
Gender — Women are at higher risk than men, primarily because they often live longer.
Health Status:  Chronic conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure make you more likely to need care.
Lifestyle — Poor diet and exercise habits can increase a person’s risk.

Get more information about long-term care from


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