About Long Term Care : When a person requires someone else to help him with his physical or personal care needs during a period of time, this is long-term care. Long-term care includes variety of services which may meet both medical and non-medical needs of people.
Long-term care services are generally sought to provide custodial and non-skilled care. However, it may also involve providing some level of medical care requiring expertise of skilled professionals. Long-term care can be provided at home, in the community, or in the assisted living facilities.
There are several activities performed by individuals on a daily basis for which long term care may become necessary due to personal independence or medical reasons. Commonly agreed categories for these services are:
1. Personal Hygiene – Help in bathing, using the bathroom, grooming and oral care
2. Dressing – Help in clothing decisions and to physically dress
4. Maintaining continence – To use a restroom
5. Transferring – To help in seating / standing and movement in and out of bed
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs)
There are activities important and necessary for independent livingly but are not necessarily required on a daily basis. The IADLs include:
1. Basic Communication – Help in using a regular phone, mobile phone, email or the Internet
2. Transportation – Help in moving on public or private vehicle
3. Meal Preparation – Help in meal planning, preparation, and storage
4. Shopping – Help in food, clothing, and other purchases
5. Housework – Help in doing laundry, cleaning dishes and maintaining housekeeping
6. Managing Medications – Help in taking accurate dosages at prescribed times, managing re-fills and avoiding conflicts
7. Managing Personal Finances – Help in budgeting, writing checks, paying bills and avoiding spills
Other Long Term Care Services
Following daily activities also come in the ambit of long term care:
1. Preventing unsafe behavior and wandering
2. Providing comfort and assurance
3. Providing physical or occupational therapy
4. Writing letters or notes
Who Needs Long Term Care:
About 70 percent of people over age 65 need some type of long-term care during their lifetime. More than 40 percent need care in a nursing home for some period of time. It is estimated that 6 out of 10 people will need long term care sometime during their lifetime.
According To Age — The risk generally increases as people get older. The older you are, the more likely you will need long-term care.
Gender — Women are at higher risk than men, primarily because they often live longer.
Health Status: Chronic conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure make you more likely to need care.
Lifestyle — Poor diet and exercise habits can increase a person’s risk.
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